The human body is made of 60 percent of water, which is present in different organs and helps to carry out varied internal functions smoothly.
But both kids and adults lose water from the body throughout the day by different means like urinating and sweating. Food and fluid intake helps to manage the water level in the body.
However, at times due to sickness, stomach flu and hot weather the water loss is more than usual, which leads to dehydration in kids.
In general, dehydration is harmful to all as it can lead to UTI and kidney problems, but it is particularly dangerous for young children, who are not able to communicate their problem.
So, it is crucial to understand the symptoms of thirst and take necessary precautions before it turns harmful for health. Here are 5 common signs of dehydration that one must look for in kids.
1. Dry and cracked lips
This is the most common and early sign of dehydration in toddlers. Cracked corner of the mouth, dry lips and lesser saliva formation, all are warning signs of dehydration.
2. Dry diapers
Toddlers urinate very frequently. In three to four hours, their diapers are completely wet and require to be changed. If you notice a decrease in their urination frequency then you must not take the situation lightly. Every dark and concentration urine can be a sign of dehydration.
3. No tears when crying
Excessive loss of water from the body can also make the toddlers cranky. It would become difficult to handle them and if they cry they won’t shed any tears. Both of these things indicate that the level of water in the body has gone down.
4. Excessive sleepiness
Dehydration impacts the kid’s mood in several ways. It makes them lethargic and excessively sleepy. They will start sleeping for longer hours than they usually do. Their eyes, cheek and portion at the top of the head will appear sunken.
5. Fast breathing or heart rate
Loss of water causes fatigue and also increases the rate of heartbeat and the pace of breathing. They will be disinterested in doing any activity.
What to do
If you notice any of the symptoms of dehydration, then increase the intake of fluid. Oral rehydration liquids that are designed to replace electrolytes and sugar are the best to overcome this problem. Give some amount of this liquid after every hour to the baby. Clear soups, popsicles, and ice chips can also help with little grown-up children.
If the toddler seems semi-unconsciousness, has repeated vomiting or does not urinate at all for more than fours hours then immediately rush to the doctor.